SHA1 Hash Function for CHSTML5 (JS-based)

JS-Support
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Joined: Tue Apr 08, 2014 3:42 pm

SHA1 Hash Function for CHSTML5 (JS-based)

Postby JS-Support » Fri Sep 16, 2016 6:23 am

Hi,

Here is a CSHTML5 extension that lets you compute the SHA1 hash from any given string. It is based on a JavaScript library and it can be called from C#.

To use it, just add a new class to your project, call it "Sha1Processor.cs", and copy/paste the following code:

Code: Select all

using System;

namespace CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1
{
    public static class Sha1Processor
    {
        private static bool JSLibraryHasBeenLoaded;

        public static string ComputeHash(string data)
        {
            // First, load the SHA1 JS library if it has not been already loaded:
            if (!JSLibraryHasBeenLoaded)
            {
                JSLibraryHasBeenLoaded = true;

                CSHTML5.Interop.ExecuteJavaScript(@"
/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */
/*  SHA-1 implementation in JavaScript                  (c) Chris Veness 2002-2014 / MIT Licence  */
/*                                                                                                */
/*  - see http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/secure_hashing.html                              */
/*        http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/examples.html                                    */
/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */

/* jshint node:true *//* global define, escape, unescape */
//'use strict';


/**
 * SHA-1 hash function reference implementation.
 *
 * @namespace
 */
if (!document.CSHTML5)
    document.CSHTML5 = {};
if (!document.CSHTML5.Extensions)
    document.CSHTML5.Extensions = {};
if (!document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1)
    document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1 = {};


/**
 * Generates SHA-1 hash of string.
 *
 * @param   {string} msg - (Unicode) string to be hashed.
 * @returns {string} Hash of msg as hex character string.
 */
document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.hash = function(msg) {
    // convert string to UTF-8, as SHA only deals with byte-streams
    msg = msg.utf8Encode();

    // constants [§4.2.1]
    var K = [ 0x5a827999, 0x6ed9eba1, 0x8f1bbcdc, 0xca62c1d6 ];

    // PREPROCESSING

    msg += String.fromCharCode(0x80);  // add trailing '1' bit (+ 0's padding) to string [§5.1.1]

    // convert string msg into 512-bit/16-integer blocks arrays of ints [§5.2.1]
    var l = msg.length/4 + 2; // length (in 32-bit integers) of msg + ‘1’ + appended length
    var N = Math.ceil(l/16);  // number of 16-integer-blocks required to hold 'l' ints
    var M = new Array(N);

    for (var i=0; i<N; i++) {
        M[i] = new Array(16);
        for (var j=0; j<16; j++) {  // encode 4 chars per integer, big-endian encoding
            M[i][j] = (msg.charCodeAt(i*64+j*4)<<24) | (msg.charCodeAt(i*64+j*4+1)<<16) |
                (msg.charCodeAt(i*64+j*4+2)<<8) | (msg.charCodeAt(i*64+j*4+3));
        } // note running off the end of msg is ok 'cos bitwise ops on NaN return 0
    }
    // add length (in bits) into final pair of 32-bit integers (big-endian) [§5.1.1]
    // note: most significant word would be (len-1)*8 >>> 32, but since JS converts
    // bitwise-op args to 32 bits, we need to simulate this by arithmetic operators
    M[N-1][14] = ((msg.length-1)*8) / Math.pow(2, 32); M[N-1][14] = Math.floor(M[N-1][14]);
    M[N-1][15] = ((msg.length-1)*8) & 0xffffffff;

    // set initial hash value [§5.3.1]
    var H0 = 0x67452301;
    var H1 = 0xefcdab89;
    var H2 = 0x98badcfe;
    var H3 = 0x10325476;
    var H4 = 0xc3d2e1f0;

    // HASH COMPUTATION [§6.1.2]

    var W = new Array(80); var a, b, c, d, e;
    for (var i=0; i<N; i++) {

        // 1 - prepare message schedule 'W'
        for (var t=0;  t<16; t++) W[t] = M[i][t];
        for (var t=16; t<80; t++) W[t] = document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.ROTL(W[t-3] ^ W[t-8] ^ W[t-14] ^ W[t-16], 1);

        // 2 - initialise five working variables a, b, c, d, e with previous hash value
        a = H0; b = H1; c = H2; d = H3; e = H4;

        // 3 - main loop
        for (var t=0; t<80; t++) {
            var s = Math.floor(t/20); // seq for blocks of 'f' functions and 'K' constants
            var T = (document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.ROTL(a,5) + document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.f(s,b,c,d) + e + K[s] + W[t]) & 0xffffffff;
            e = d;
            d = c;
            c = document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.ROTL(b, 30);
            b = a;
            a = T;
        }

        // 4 - compute the new intermediate hash value (note 'addition modulo 2^32')
        H0 = (H0+a) & 0xffffffff;
        H1 = (H1+b) & 0xffffffff;
        H2 = (H2+c) & 0xffffffff;
        H3 = (H3+d) & 0xffffffff;
        H4 = (H4+e) & 0xffffffff;
    }

    return document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.toHexStr(H0) + document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.toHexStr(H1) + document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.toHexStr(H2) +
           document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.toHexStr(H3) + document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.toHexStr(H4);
};


/**
 * Function 'f' [§4.1.1].
 * @private
 */
document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.f = function(s, x, y, z)  {
    switch (s) {
        case 0: return (x & y) ^ (~x & z);           // Ch()
        case 1: return  x ^ y  ^  z;                 // Parity()
        case 2: return (x & y) ^ (x & z) ^ (y & z);  // Maj()
        case 3: return  x ^ y  ^  z;                 // Parity()
    }
};

/**
 * Rotates left (circular left shift) value x by n positions [§3.2.5].
 * @private
 */
document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.ROTL = function(x, n) {
    return (x<<n) | (x>>>(32-n));
};


/**
 * Hexadecimal representation of a number.
 * @private
 */
document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.toHexStr = function(n) {
    // note can't use toString(16) as it is implementation-dependant,
    // and in IE returns signed numbers when used on full words
    var s="""", v;
    for (var i=7; i>=0; i--) { v = (n>>>(i*4)) & 0xf; s += v.toString(16); }
    return s;
};


/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */


/** Extend String object with method to encode multi-byte string to utf8
 *  - monsur.hossa.in/2012/07/20/utf-8-in-javascript.html */
if (typeof String.prototype.utf8Encode == 'undefined') {
    String.prototype.utf8Encode = function() {
        return unescape( encodeURIComponent( this ) );
    };
}

/** Extend String object with method to decode utf8 string to multi-byte */
if (typeof String.prototype.utf8Decode == 'undefined') {
    String.prototype.utf8Decode = function() {
        try {
            return decodeURIComponent( escape( this ) );
        } catch (e) {
            return this; // invalid UTF-8? return as-is
        }
    };
}


/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  */
if (typeof module != 'undefined' && module.exports) module.exports = document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1; // CommonJs export
if (typeof define == 'function' && define.amd) define([], function() { return document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1; }); // AMD
");
            }

            // Then do the actual calculation:
            string result = Convert.ToString(CSHTML5.Interop.ExecuteJavaScript(@"document.CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.hash($0)", data));

            return result;
        }
    }
}


Then, you can call the library from your C# code by using the following code:

Code: Select all

string hash = CSHTML5.Extensions.Sha1.Sha1Processor.ComputeHash("This is the original string.");


Regards,
JS-Support

koola
Posts: 3
Joined: Sun Dec 11, 2016 2:09 am

Re: SHA1 Hash Function for CHSTML5 (JS-based)

Postby koola » Sun Dec 11, 2016 2:20 am

Thank you for your support. I am newbie but i hope I can learn from this forum.


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